The following is a supplement to the ENGL311 Environmental Writing Course Research Guide.
Environmental Justice & Related Topics - Books
Abarca, Meredith E. Latin@s' Presence in the Food Industry: Changing How We Think about Food (Food and Foodways).
Adamson, Joni, Mei Mei Evans, and Rachel Stein. The Environmental Justice Reader: Politics, Poetics, and Pedagogy.
Adelson, Glenn, James Engell, Brent Ranalli, and K.P. Van Anglen. Environment: An Interdisciplinary Anthology.
Adeola, Francis O. Hazardous Wastes, Industrial Disasters, and Environmental Health Risks: Local and Global Environmental Struggles.
Agyeman, Julian, and Robert D. Bullard. Just Sustainabilities: Development in an Unequal World.
Al-Saleh, Danya, and Mohammed Rafi Arefin. “Doing Environmental Studies During Times of Racialized Violence.”
Alaimo, Stacy. Bodily Natures: Science, Environment, and the Material Self.
Alkon, Alison, and Julian Agyeman, eds. Cultivating Food Justice: Race, Class, and Sustainability.
Alkon, Alison, Deborah Cowen, and Melissa Wright, eds. Black, White, and Green: Farmers Markets, Race, and the Green Economy.
Ammons, Elizabeth. Brave New Words: How Literature Will Save the Planet.
Ammons, Elizabeth, and Modhumita Roy. Sharing the Earth: An International Environmental Justice Reader.
Anderson, Mark, and Zelia Bora. Ecological Crisis and Cultural Representation in Latin America.
Anguelovski, Isabelle. Neighborhood as Refuge: Community Reconstruction, Place Remaking, and Environmental Justice in the City.
Araiza, Lauren. To March for Others: The Black Freedom Struggle and the United Farm Workers (Politics and Culture in Modern America).
Armiero, Marco, and Richard Tuckers, eds. Environmental History of Modern Migrations.
Athanassakis, Yanoula. Environmental Justice in Contemporary US Narratives.
Baker, Jack R., and Jeffrey Bilbro. Wendell Berry and Higher Education: Cultivating Virtues of Place.
Baker, Steve. Picturing the Beast: Animals, Identity, and Representation.
---. Postmodern Animal.
Bannon, Bryan, ed. Nature and Experience: Phenomenology and the Environment.
Barlow, Maude. Blue Covenant: The Global Water Crisis and the Coming Battle for the Right to Water.
Bennett, Michael. The Nature of Cities: Ecocriticism and Urban Environments.
Black, Toban, Stephen D'Arcy, Tony Weis and Joshua Kahn Russell. A Line in the Tar Sands: Struggles for Environmental Justice.
Boschman, Robert, and Mario Tono. On Active Grounds: Agency and Time in the Environmental Humanities.
Brady, Mary Pat. Extinct Lands, Temporal Geographies: Chicana Literature and the Urgency of Space.
Brecher, Jeremy. Against Doom: A Climate Insurgency Manual.
Brecher, Jeremy, John Brown Childs, and Jill Cutler. Global Visions: Beyond the New World Order.
Brei, Andrew T., ed. Ecology, Ethics, and Hope.
Bullard, Robert D. Dumping In Dixie: Race, Class, And Environmental Quality.
---. Growing Smarter: Achieving Livable Communities, Environmental Justice, and Regional Equity (Urban and Industrial Environments.
---. Unequal Protection: Environmental Justice and Communities of Color.
Bullard, Robert D., and Angela Glover Blackwell. The Black Metropolis in the Twenty-First Century: Race, Power, and Politics of Place.
Bullard, Robert D., and Benjamin Chavis Jr. Confronting Environmental Racism: Voices From the Grassroots.
Bullard, Robert D., and Beverly Wright. Race, Place, and Environmental Justice After Hurricane Katrina: Struggles to Reclaim, Rebuild, and Revitalize New Orleans and the Gulf Coast.
Bullard, Robert D., and Beverly Wright. The Wrong Complexion for Protection: How the Government Response to Disaster Endangers African American Communities.
Bullard, Robert D., and Maxine Waters. The Quest for Environmental Justice: Human Rights and the Politics of Pollution.
Carle, David. Introduction to Water in California.
Castricano, Jodey, and Lauren Corman. Animal Subjects 2.0.
Carter, Paul. Dark Writing: Geography, Performance, Design.
Cella, Matthew J. Disability in the Environment in American Literature: Toward an Ecosomatic Paradigm.
Chang, Chia-ju, Scott Slovic, Hannes Berthaller. Ecocriticism in Taiwan: Identity, Environment, and the Arts.
Chaturvedi, Sanjay. Climate Terror: A Critical Geopolitics of Climate Change.
Choné, Aurélie, Isabelle Hajek, Philippe Hamman, eds. Rethinking Nature: Challenging Disciplinary Boundaries.
Christian, Dorothy, and Rita Wong. Downstream: Reimagining Water.
Claborn, John. Civil Rights and the Environment in African-American Literature, 1895-1941.
Clark, Timothy. Ecocriticism on the Edge: The Anthropocene as a Threshold Concept.
Coburn, Jason. Street Science: Community Knowledge and Environmental Health Justice.
Cohen, Jeffrey Jerome, and Lowell Duckert. Elemental Ecocriticism: Thinking with Earth, Air, Water, and Fire.
Cole, Luke W., and Sheila R. Foster. From the Ground Up: Environmental Racism and the Rise of the Environmental Justice Movement.
Conrad, C.A. ECODEVIANCE: (Soma)tics for the Future Wilderness.
Curren, Randall, and Ellen Metzger. Living Well Now and in the Future: Why Sustainability Matters.
Dauvergne, Peter. Environmentalism of the Rich.
Davidson, Tonya K., Ondine Park, and Rob Shields. Ecologies of Affect: Placing Nostalgia, Desire, and Hope.
Davis, Louise, and Karyn Pilgrim. The Ecopolitics of Consumption: The Food Trade.
Deetjen, Claudia. Re-Imagining Nature's Nation: Native American and Native Hawaiian Literature, Environment, and Empire.
Demos, T.J. Decolonizing Nature: Contemporary Art and the Politics of Ecology.
DeSilvey, Caitlin. Curated Decay. Heritage beyond Saving.
DeVries, Scott M. A History of Ecology and Environmentalism in Spanish American Literature.
Donovan, Josephine. The Aesthetics of Care: On the Literary Treatment of Animals.
Dowie, Mark. Conservation Refugees: The Hundred-Year Conflict between Global Conservation and Native Peoples.
Duckert, Lowell. For All Waters: Finding Ourselves in Early Modern Wetscapes.
Dulal, Hari Bansha, Nora Lustig, Luis F. López-Calva. Poverty Reduction in a Changing Climate.
Dunlap, Julie, and Susan A. Cohen. Coming of Age at the End of Nature: A Generation Faces Living on a Changed Planet.
Felstiner, John. Can Poetry Save the Earth?: A Field Guide to Nature Poems.
Finney, Carolyn. Black Faces, White Spaces: Reimagining the Relationship of African Americans to the Outdoors.
Fischer, Frank, and Maartan A. Hajer. Living with Nature: Environmental Politics as Cultural Discourse.
Fischer, John Ryan. Cattle Colonialism: An Environmental History of the Conquest of California and Hawai'i (Flows, Migrations, and Exchanges).
Foote, Stephanie, and Elizabeth Mazzolini. Histories of the Dustheap: Waste, Material Cultures, Social Justice (Urban and Industrial Environments).
Forns-Broggi, Roberto. Knots Like Stars: The ABC of Ecological Imagination in Our Americas.
Foster, Jennifer. Post-Industrial Urban Greenspace: An Environmental Justice Perspective.
Foster, Matthew. The Human Relationship to Nature: The Limit of Reason, the Basis of Value, and the Crisis of Environmental Ethics.
Frawley, Jod, Iain McCalman, eds. Rethinking Invasion Ecologies from the Environmental Humanities.
Fretz, Eric J. Climate Change Across the Curriculum.
Funk, McKenzie. Windfall: The Booming Business of Global Warming.
Gaard, Greta. Critical Ecofeminism.
Gander, Forrest, and John Kinsellla. Redstart: An Ecological Poetics.
García-Peña, Lorgia. The Borders of Dominicanidad: Race, Nation, and Archives of Contradiction.
Garrard, Greg. Teaching Ecocriticism and Green Cultural Studies.
Ghosh, Amitav. The Great Derangement: Climate Change and the Unthinkable.
Gibbons, Andrea. City of Segregation: 100 Years of Struggle for Housing in Los Angeles.
Giblett, Rod. Cities and Wetlands: The Return of the Repressed in Nature and Culture.
Glave, Dianne D. Rooted in the Earth: Reclaiming the African American Environmental Heritage.
---, and Mark Stoll. To Love the Wind and the Rain: African Americans and Environmental History.
Goetz, Edward G. New Deal Ruins: Race, Economic Justice, and Public Housing Policy.
Gottlieb, Robert. Forcing the Spring: The Transformation of the American Environmental Movement.
Griffiths, Matthew. The New Poetics of Climate Change: Modernist Aesthetics for a Warming World.
Grossman, Zoltán, and Winona LaDuke. Unlikely Alliances: Native Nations and White Communities Join to Defend Rural Lands (Indigenous Confluences).
Grusin, Richard, ed. Anthropocene Feminism.
Gumprecht, Blake. The Los Angeles River: Its Life, Death, and Possible Rebirth (Creating the North American Landscape).
Guthman, Julie. Obesity, Food Justice, and the Limits of Capitalism.
Hadley, John. Animal Property Rights: A Theory of Habitat Rights for Wild Animals.
Hall, Dewey W., James C. McKusick, Colin Carman. Romantic Ecocriticism: Origins and Legacies.
Hannesson, Rögnvaldur. Ecofundamentalism: A Critique of Extreme Environmentalism.
Harrison, Jill Lindsey. Pesticide Drift and the Pursuit of Environmental Justice (Food, Health, and the Environment).
Hartmann, Betsy, Banu Subramaniam, and Charles Zerner. Making Threats: Biofears and Environmental Anxieties.
Hauter, Wenonah. Foodopoly: The Battle Over the Future of Food and Farming in America.
---. Frackopoly: The Battle for the Future of Energy and the Environment.
Heise, Ursula K. Imagining Extinction: The Cultural Meanings of Endangered Species.
Hoffman, Andrew. How Culture Shapes the Climate Change Debate.
Holm, Nicholas, and Sy Taffel. Ecological Entanglements in the Anthropocene.
Holmes, Christina. Ecological Borderlands: Body, Nature, and Spirit in Chicana Feminism.
Holmes, Seth. Fresh Fruit / Broken Bodies: Migrant Farmworkers in the United States.
Hoving, Isabel. Writing the Earth, Darkly: Globalization, Ecocriticsm, and Desire.
Imarisha, Walidah, and Adrienne Marie Brown. Octavia's Brood: Science Fiction Stories from Social Justice Movements.
Ishiyama, Noriko. Struggle Over Environmental Justice: Indigenous Peoples and the United States Nuclear Waste.
Iovino, Serenella, and Serpil Oppermann. Material Ecocriticism.
Jensen, Derrick. Deep Green Resistance: Strategy to Save the Planet.
Johnson, Gaye Theresa. Spaces of Conflict, Sounds of Solidarity: Music, Race, and Spatial Entitlement in Los Angeles.
Kamboureli, Smaro, and Christl Verduyn, eds. Critical Collaborations: Indigeneity, Diaspora, and Ecology in Canadian Literary Studies.
Keith, Lierre. The Vegetarian Myth: Food, Justice, and Sustainability.
Kelly, Suzanne. Greening Death: Reclaiming Burial Practices and Restoring Our Tie to the Earth.
Kemmerer, Lisa, ed. Sister Species: Women, Animals, and Social Justice.
Klein, Naomi. This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. the Climate.
Kolbert, Elizabeth. The Sixth Extinction: An Unnatural History.
Konisky, David M. Failed Promises: Evaluating the Federal Government's Response to Environmental Justice.
Kostof, Spiro. The City Shaped - The City Assembled.
Knickerbocker, Scott. Ecopoetics: The Language of Nature, the Nature of Language.
Kricher, John, and Mark Plotkin. A Neotropical Companion. 2nd edition.
Lee, Wendy Lynne. Eco-Nihilism: The Philosophical Geopolitics of the Climate Change Apocalypse.
Lerner, Steve, and Robert D. Bullard. Diamond: A Struggle for Environmental Justice in Louisiana's Chemical Corridor.
Leyda, Julia. American Mobilities: Geographies of Class, Race, and Gender in US Culture.
Lichatowich, Jim. Salmon, People, and Place: A Biologist's Search for Salmon Recovery.
Lioi, Anthony. Nerd Ecology: Defending the Earth with Unpopular Culture.
Lippard, Lucy. Undermining: A Wild Ride Through Land Use, Politics, and Art in the Changing West.
Loomis, Erik. Out of Sight: The Long and Disturbing Story of Corporations Outsourcing Catastrophe.
Lora-Wainwright, Anna. Resigned Activism: Living with Pollution in Rural China (Urban and Industrial Environments),
Lord, Nancy. Early Warming: Crisis and Response in a Climate-Changed North.
Lueders, Edward. Writing Natural History: Dialogues with Authors.
Lutenski, Emily. West of Harlem: African American Writers and the Borderlands (Culture America).
Lynch, Tom, Cheryll Glotfelty, and Karla Armbruster. The Bioregional Imagination: Literature, Ecology, and Place.
Maathai, Wangari. Unbowed.
Malin, Stephanie A. The Price of Nuclear Power: Uranium Communities and Environmental Justice (Nature, Society, and Culture).
Manca, Luigi, and Jean-Marie Krauth. Interdisciplinary Essays on Environment and Culture: One Planet, One Humanity, and the Media.
Mandoki, Katya. The Indispensable Excess of the Aesthetic: Evolution of Sensibility in Nature.
Mares, Teresa M., and Devon G. Pena. Environmental and Food Justice Toward Local, Slow, and Deep Food Systems.
Marks, Robert B. The Origins of the Modern World: A Global and Environmental Narrative from the Fifteenth to the Twenty-First Century.
Marris, Emma. The Rambunctious Garden: Saving Nature in a Post-Wild World.
Marshall, George. Don’t Even Think About It: Why Our Brains Are Wired to Ignore Climate Change.
Martinez, J. Michael. Environmental Sustainability and American Public Administration.
Marzec, Robert P. Militarizing the Environment: Climate Change and the Security State.
Mehta, Lyla. The Limits to Scarcity: Contesting the Politics of Allocation.
Mickey, Sam. Coexistentialism and the Unbearable Intimacy of Ecological Emergency.
Mills, James E. The Adventure Gap: Changing the Face of the Outdoors.
Mitchell, Don, Melissa Wright, Nik Heynen. They Saved the Crops: Labor, Landscape, and the Struggle over Industrial Farming in Bracero-Era California.
Mooallem, Jon. Wild Ones: A Sometimes Dismaying, Weirdly Reassuring Story About Looking at People Looking at Animals in America.
Moore, Jason, ed. Anthropocene or Capitalocene?: Nature, History, and the Crisis of Capitalism.
Morrison, Susan Signe. The Literature of Waste: Material Ecopoetics and Ethical Matter.
Mortimer-Sandilands, Catriona, and Bruce Erickson. Queer Ecologies: Sex, Nature, Politics, Desire.
Murphy, Patrick D. Persuasive Aesthetic Ecocritical Praxis: Climate Change, Subsistence, and Questionable Futures.
Neimanis, Astrida. Bodies of Water: Posthuman Feminist Phenomenology.
Newman, Andrew, and Gerry Nagtzaam. Decision-making and Radioactive Waste Disposal (Routledge Studies in Waste Management and Policy).
Nixon, Rob. Slow Violence and the Environmentalism of the Poor.
Nocella, Anthony J., and Amber E. George. The Intersectionality of Critical Animal, Disability, and Environmental Studies.
Norgaard, Kari Marie. Living in Denial: Climate Change, Emotions, and Everyday Life.
Obach, Brian K. Labor and the Environmental Movement: The Quest for Common Ground (Urban and Industrial Environments).
---. Organic Struggle: The Movement for Sustainable Agriculture in the United States.
Ottinger, Gwen, and Benjamin R. Cohen. Technoscience and Environmental Justice: Expert Cultures in a Grassroots Movement.
Parham, John. Green Media and Popular Culture: An Introduction.
Pasternak, Judy. Yellow Dirt: A Poisoned Land and the Betrayal of the Navajos.
Pavel, M. Paloma, and Carl Anthony. Breakthrough Communities: Sustainability and Justice in the Next American Metropolis.
Pitti, Stephen J. The Devil in Silicon Valley: Northern California, Race, and Mexican Americans.
Pellow, David Naguib, Lisa Sun-Hee Park, eds. The Silicon Valley of Dreams: Environmental Injustice, Immigrant Workers, and the High-Tech Global Economy.
Pellow, David Naguib. Resisting Global Toxics: Transnational Movements for Environmental Justice.
Perz, Stephen G. Crossing Boundaries for Collaboration: Conservation and Development Projects in the Amazon.
Pietila, Antero. Not in My Neighborhood: How Bigotry Shaped a Great American City.
Pollock, Mary Sanders. Storytelling Apes: Primatology Narratives Past and Future (Animalibus: Of Animals and Cultures).
Preston, Christopher J. Climate Justice and Geoengineering.
Pulido, Laura. Environmentalism and Economic Justice: Two Chicano Struggles in the Southwest (Society, Environment, and Place).
Rasula, Jed. This Compost: Ecological Imperatives in American Poetry.
Ray, Sarah Jaquette. The Ecological Other: Environmental Exclusion in American Culture.
Retallack, Joan. The Poethical Wager.
Reynolds, Kristin, Nevin Cohen, and Nik Heynen. Beyond the Kale: Urban Agriculture and Social Justice Activism in New York City.
Robin, Marie-Monique. Our Daily Poison. From Pesticides to Packaging, How Chemicals Have Contaminated the Food Chain and Are Making Us Sick.
Robbins, Paul. Lawn People: How Grasses, Weeds, and Chemicals Make Us Who We Are.
Robbins, Paul, John Hintz, and Sarah A. Moore. Environment and Society: A Critical Introduction. 2nd Edition.
Roser, Dominic, and Christian Seidel. Climate Justice: An Introduction.
Ross, Alexander Reid, Vandana Shiva, and Noam Chomsky. Grabbing Back: Essays Against the Global Land Grab.
Rothfels, Nigel. Savages and Beasts: The Birth of the Modern Zoo (Animals, History, Culture).
Rubin, Patterson. Greening Africana Studies: Linking Environmental Studies with Transforming Black Experiences.
Satter, Beryl. Family Properties: How the Struggle Over Race and Real Estate Transformed Chicago and Urban America.
Schliephake, Christopher. City Space, Material Agency, and Environmental Politics in Contemporary Culture.
Schneider, Richard. Dark Nature: Anti-Pastoral Essays in American Literature and Culture.
Schneider-Mayerson, Matthew. Peak Oil: Apocalyptic Environmentalism and Libertarian Political Culture.
Schrepfer, Susan R. Nature's Altars: Mountains, Gender, and American Environmentalism.
Schweninger, Lee. Listening to the Land: Native American Literary Responses to the Landscape.
Seymour, Nicole. Strange Natures: Futurity, Empathy, and the Queer Ecological Imagination.
Sheldon, Rebekah. The Child to Come: Life after the Human Catastrophe.
Shiva, Vandana. Biopiracy: The Plunder of Nature and Knowledge.
---. Close to Home: Women Reconnect Ecology, Health and Development.
---. Earth Democracy: Justice, Sustainability, and Peace.
---. Making Peace with the Earth.
---. Monocultures of the Mind: Perspectives on Biodiversity and Biotechnology.
---. Seed Sovereignty, Food Security: Women in the Vanguard of the Fight against GMOs and Corporate Agriculture.
---. Soil Not Oil: Environmental Justice in an Age of Climate Crisis.
---. Staying Alive: Women, Ecology, and Development.
---. Sacred Seed.
---. The Violence of the Green Revolution: Third World Agriculture, Ecology and Politics.
---. Water Wars: Privatization, Pollution, and Profit.
---. Who Really Feeds the World?: The Failures of Agribusiness and the Promise of Agroecology.
---, and Maria Mies. Ecofeminism (Critique. Influence. Change.).
---, Carlo Petrini, Jamey Lionette. Manifestos on the Future of Food and Seed.
Shukin, Nicole. Animal Capital: Rendering Life in Biopolitical Times.
Siewers, Alfred Ketigem, et al. Re-Imagining Nature: Environmental Humanities and Ecosemiotics.
Silva, Noenoe. Aloha Betrayed: Native Hawaiian Resistance to American Colonialism (American Encounters/Global Interactions).
Slovic, Scott. Getting Over the Color Green: Contemporary Environmental Literature of the Southwest.
Slovic,Scott, Swarnalatha Rangarajan, Vidya Sarveswaran. Ecocriticism of the Global South.
---. Ecoambiguity, Community, and Development: Toward a Politicized Ecocriticism.
Smith, Andrea. Conquest: Sexual Violence and American Indian Genocide. (See especially chapter titled “Rape of the Land”)
Smith, Jos. The New Nature Writing: Rethinking Place in Contemporary Literature.
Speece, Darren Frederick, Paul S. Sutter. Defending Giants: The Redwood Wars and the Transformation of American Environmental Politics (Weyerhaeuser Environmental Books).
Spence, Mark David. Dispossessing the Wilderness: Indian Removal and the Making of the National Parks.
Stanescu, James, and Kevin Cummings. The Ethics and Rhetoric of Invasion Ecology.
Steingraber, Sandra. Living Downstream: An Ecologist's Personal Investigation of Cancer and the Environment.
Stevens, Stan. Indigenous Peoples, National Parks, and Protected Areas.
Sturgeon, Noël. Environmentalism in Popular Culture: Gender, Race, Sexuality, and the Politics of the Natural.
Swan, Heather. Where Honeybees Thrive: Stories from the Field.
Taylor, Dorceta E. The Rise of the American Conservation Movement: Power, Privilege, and Environmental Protection.
Thomson, Vivian. Climate of Capitulation: An Insider's Account of State Power in a Coal Nation.
Thompson, Allen, and Jeremy Bendik-Keymer. Ethical Adaptation to Climate Change: Human Virtues of the Future.
Tsing, Anna Lowenhaupt. Arts of Living on a Damaged Planet: Ghosts and Monsters of the Anthropocene.
Trauger, Amy, Nik Heynen, Mathew Coleman. We Want Land to Live: Making Political Space for Food Sovereignty.
Tverdek, Edward F. The Moral Weight of Ecology: Public Goods, Cooperative Duties, and Environmental Politics.
Uhi, Christopher. Developing Ecological Consciousness.
Vakoch, Douglas A., and Sam Mickey. Women and Nature? Beyond Dualism in Gender, Body, and Environment.
Vanderheiden, Steve. Atmospheric Justice: A Political Theory of Climate Change.
Vandermeer, John, Ivette Perfecto, Vandana Shiva. Breakfast Of Biodiversity: The Political Ecology of Rain Forest Destruction.
Van Horn, Gavin, and John Hausdoerffer, eds. Wildness: Relations of People and Place.
Vieira, Patrícia. The Green Thread: Dialogues with the Vegetal World.
Vieira, Patrícia, Monica Gagliano, John Ryan. The Green Thread: Dialogues with the Vegetal World.
Villas, Raul Homero. Barrio Logos: Space and Place in Urban Chicano Literature and Culture.
Voyles, Traci Brynne. Wastelanding: Legacies of Uranium Mining in Navajo Country.
Wald, Sarah. The Nature of California: Race, Citizenship, and Farming since the Dust Bowl.
Wakild, Emily. Revolutionary Parks: Conservation, Social Justice, and Mexico’s National Parks, 1910–1940.
Wark, Mckenzie. Molecular Red: Theory for the Anthropocene.
Westra, Laura, and Bill Lawson. Faces of Environmental Racism: Confronting Issues of Global Justice (Studies in Social, Political, and Legal Philosophy).
White, Damian F., and Chris Wilbert. Technonatures: Environments, Technologies, Spaces, and Places in the Twenty-First Century.
Wohlforth, Charles. “Conservation and Eugenics.” Orion Magazine
Wolfe, Cary. Animal Rites: American Culture, the Discourse of Species, and Posthumanist Theory.
Wright, Laura, and Carol Adams, eds. The Vegan Studies Project: Food, Animals, and Gender in the Age of Terror.
Ybarra, Priscilla. Writing the Goodlife: Mexican American Literature and the Environment.
Zapf, Hubert. Literature as Cultural Ecology: Sustainable Texts.
Ziegler, Jean. Betting on Famine: Why the World Still Goes Hungry.
Zimring, Carl A. Clean and White: A History of Environmental Racism in the United States.
**Also see books by Lawrence Buell, Timothy Morton.